General arboriculture - lectures
Functions and uses of trees and shrubs. Organography of trees and shrubs recalls: the root system (development and function of roots) and epigeal organs (buds, shoots, twigs, branches, trunk, leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds).
Elements of shrub/tree biology and physiology. Life cycle: stage of youth, stage of maturity and senescence in shrubs and trees. Annual vegetative cycle: budding, growth of sprouts, lignification, leaf drop, rest.
Productive cycle: induction, differentiation, flowering, pollination, fertilization, fruit set, fruit growth and ripening, alternate bearing.
Relationships between soil, climate and anthropic environment and vegetative and productive tree activity; environmental suitability, choice of species, cultivars and rootstocks.
Principles and cultivation techniques for planting and management of trees and shrubs in relation to their use, optimization of production quantity/quality, control of production costs and reduction of environmental impact: orchard planting, soil management, fertilization, irrigation, pruning and training systems, harvesting.
General arboriculture - classroom/laboratory practice
Organography of trees and shrubs; determination of the main fruit quality characteristics in order to determine the optimal stage of harvesting.
General arboriculture - field practice
Recognition of tree and shrubs; techniques and equipment for the management of trees and shrubs with particular reference to plantng, pruning and training systems.
General arboriculture - educational trip
Farms with fruit orchards.
Nursery technique - lectures
General information: definitions, main branches of the nursery, conditions for the activity tree nursery sector; importance of nursery. Community and national legislation relating to the nursery activity: pest management, genetic integrity and quality.
Structure of the nursery: farm center (offices, warehouses, workshops, cells refrigerator, show garden, packaging and shipping area), propagation center (defense structures - windbreak, anti-hail nets, shade structures, mulching; semi-forcing structures - caissons, sheds, tunnels, forcing structures - greenhouses); crop area (seedbed, cutting-bed, grafting area, etc.).
Greenhouses for shrubs and trees propagation and cultivation: location, size, orientation, shape, type of bearing structure, loads and materials used, cover materials and greenhouse effect; greenhouse conditioning (heating, cooling, lighting, humidification, carbon dioxide enrichment). Strategies to improve environmental compatibility of greenhouses.
Field nursery cultivation of shrubs and trees: planting, crop rotation and soil sterilization, pruning and training systems, weeding, fertilizing, watering, transplanting bare-root, root balled and container grown trees. Cultivation in tunnels and greenhouse of shrubs and trees: banquette, caissons, benches, irrigation, fertilization, pest and weed control. Cultivation in container for shrubs and trees: container area, growing media (characteristics, preparation and sterilization), characteristics of different types of containers, potting and arrangement of plants in the container area, fertilization, irrigation, closed-cycle irrigation, weed control. Commercialization: shipping time, preparation, loading. Gamic and asexual propagation techniques for trees and shrubs, with particular reference to the propagation by seed, micropropagation, cuttings, layering and grafting.
Nursery techniques - classroom/laboratory practice
Materials for growing trees in container.
Nursery techniques - field practice
Propagation techniques for trees and shrubs, with particular reference to micropropagation, cutting and grafting. Structures and materials for construction of semi-forcing and forcing structures in the nursery.
Nursery techniques - educational trip
Farms with nursersry.