Università degli Studi di Perugia

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Unit ELEMENTS OF BOTANY AND PHARMACOGNOSY

Course
Pharmacy
Study-unit Code
A000518
Location
PERUGIA
Curriculum
In all curricula
Teacher
Maria Carla Marcotullio
Teachers
  • Maria Carla Marcotullio - Didattica Ufficiale
Hours
  • 56 ore - Didattica Ufficiale - Maria Carla Marcotullio
CFU
8
Course Regulation
Coorte 2017
Offered
2018/19
Learning activities
Caratterizzante
Area
Discipline biologiche e farmacologiche
Sector
BIO/15
Type of study-unit
Obbligatorio (Required)
Type of learning activities
Attività formativa monodisciplinare
Language of instruction
Italian. Some of the slides used are in English
Contents
Knowledge of the medicinal plants and their systematics. Knowledge of crude drugs and bioactive compounds, of their formulation and quality control methods.
Reference texts
A. Bruni- Farmacognosia generale e applicata-1999-Piccin
F. Capasso- Farmacognosia. Botanica, chimica e farmacologia delle piante medicinali-2011-Springer
Capasso, R., Borrelli, F., Longo, R., Capasso, F.-Farmacognosia applicata-2007- Springer
Slides used for the lessons
Educational objectives
The student will be able to know main systematic plant groups, with particular reference to medicinal plants. Furthermore, he will be able to determine the pharmaceutical employ of plants and crude drugs, main pharmaceutical formulations containing plants, their therapeutic use and the principal analytic methods.
Prerequisites
Knowledge of the main topics about plant biology and organic chemistry.
For the final examination, students must have passed the exams of Animal biology-Plant biology and of Organic Chemistry.
Teaching methods
Didactic methods are mainly based on front lectures that will explain different topics with the help of slides. The lectures are set as an interactive and discussed dialogue student-teacher.
Other information
Compulsory course attendance
Learning verification modality
Oral exam (30-40 min). The student will have to talk about a topic of botany, one of general farmacognosy and one of special farmacognosy. The student will have to recognize crude drugs presented during lessons.
Extended program
Aims and scope of pharmacognosy. Crude drug and parts used definition. From plants to crude drugs. Factors affecting quality of crude drugs. Botanical-pharmacognostic control and phytochemical control, control of the production steps. Secondary metabolites and their pharmaceutical importance: carbohydrates, lipids, glycosides, terpenic compounds, iridoids, cannabinoids, antraquinones, alkaloids, phenols, flavonoids and derivatives, tannins and polyphenols, coumarins, phenylpropanoids. Main topics of extraction methods of phytocomplexes and active compounds from crude drugs and fresh plant samples: infusion, decoction, maceration, digestions, percolation, distillation, supercritical fluids extraction, Soxhlet extraction, pressing. Crude drugs containing carbohydrates, terpenes, phenols, alkaloids, antraquinones, adaptogen and saponins. Crude drugs active on apparatus and systems: cardiovascular, nervous system; anti-inflammatory crude drugs; gastrointestinal apparatus and digestions, respiratory apparatus, kidneys and urinary system, endocrine system, muscle-skeletal system, reproductive system, skin system, immune system. Voluptuary crude drugs.
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