Università degli Studi di Perugia

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Study-unit Code
In all curricula
Massimo Moretti
  • Massimo Moretti - Didattica Ufficiale
  • Milena Villarini - Didattica Integrativa
  • 77 ore - Didattica Ufficiale - Massimo Moretti
  • 4 ore - Didattica Integrativa - Milena Villarini
Course Regulation
Coorte 2016
Learning activities
Discipline mediche
Type of study-unit
Obbligatorio (Required)
Type of learning activities
Attività formativa monodisciplinare
Language of instruction
Epidemiologic methods. Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of diseases. Epidemiology and prevention of infectious and chronic diseases. Health education and health promotion. Passive and active immunization: sera and vaccines. Food hygiene and HACCP.
Reference texts
Auxilia F. & Pontello M. - "Igiene e Sanità Pubblica" - Piccin, Padova.

Ricciardi W. - "Igiene, Medicina Preventiva e Sanità Pubblica" - Idelson-Gnocchi, Napoli.
Educational objectives
The learning experiences should help students in achieving attitudes and practices related to critical health issues: role of Pharmacists in diseases prevention and health education and promotion; Pharmacists as health experts of the National Health Service (NHS).
Teaching methods
Face-to-face lessons.
Other information
Teaching support (8 h): Practical training on epidemiology (Dr. Milena Villarini).
Learning verification modality
Written + oral exam.
Extended program
Introduction to Hygiene and Public Health. Health and disease. Determinants of health. Natural history of disease.
Epidemiology: definition and scope. Rates of morbidity and mortality. Mortality tables. Population pyramids.
Epidemiology: principles and methods. Study design: Observational and experimental epidemiology.
Ecological studies. Cross-sectional studies. Measures of disease frequency: prevalence and incidence. Causal and/or noncausal association.
Analytical epidemiology: cohort studies and case-control studies. Evaluation of relative risk (RR) and odds-ratio (OR); attributable risk.
Experimental epidemiology: randomized controlled trials and megatrials. Pharmacoepidemiology.
Evidence-based medicine: systematic reviews and meta-analysis.
Principles of health economics. Health management: National Health Service (NHS), Local Health Units and Hospitals.
Disease prevention: health promotion/protection. Levels of disease prevention: primary, secondary and tertiary prevention.
Health education: methods for health promotion (relationship between health and human behavior).
Epidemiology and prevention of infectious diseases. Etiologic agent: definition.
Routes of transmission of infectious disease agents: sexually transmitted diseases; bloodborne, airborne, vehicle(water)borne and vectorborne transmission.
Ectoparasites: Pulex spp. (flea), Pediculus spp. (louse), Pthirus spp. (crab louse), Sarcoptes spp. (dust mite). Arthropod-transmitted diseases.
Endoparasites: protozoans (Giardia spp.), flatworms (Taenia spp.) e nematodes (Dracunculus spp., Ascaris spp.). Vector-transmitted parasites: Plasmodium spp. (malaria), Leishmania spp.
Epidemiology and control of high priority sexually transmitted infections; epidemiology and control of selected vaccine-prevented diseases; epidemiology and control of air-borne infectious diseases; epidemiology and control of water-borne infectious diseases; epidemiology and control of food-borne infectious diseases; zoonotic diseases.
Oral health; epidemiology and prevention of caries, parodontopathy and oral cancer; principles of oral hygiene.
Prevention of infectious diseases; principles of immunology;. classification of vaccines; inactivated or engineered vaccines and toxoids; whole-cell and fractional vaccines; live attenuated vaccines; new vaccines.
Immunization schedule for children; immunization of adults and travellers; immunoglobulins.
Principles of disinfection; classification of disinfectants; disinfectants in pharmacy.
Sterilization; classification of methods of sterilization; controls of sterilization.
Disinfestation and pest control; methods of mosquito control; management and control of pediculosis; rodent prevention and control.
Food hygiene; prevention of food-borne diseases; food safety legislation; control of food-borne diseases in pharmacy; HACCP method.
Epidemiology and prevention of principal chronic diseases; epidemiology and prevention of cardiovascular diseases (CVD); principal risk factors; the Framingham cohort; prevention and control of infarction and ictus; role of pharmacist in the prevention and control of CVD.
Epidemiology and prevention of cancer; the carcinogenesis and mutagenesis processes; principal cancer risk factors; tobacco smoking and health; prevention of smoking-related diseases; methods of giving up smoking and nicotine replacement therapy; role of pharmacist in anti-smoking efforts.
New horizons of epidemiology; molecular epidemiology and application in cancer detection and prevention.
Epidemiology and prevention of respiratory diseases; prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and asthma; role of pharmacist.
Epidemiology and prevention of road and home accidents: role of pharmacist.
Environmental health; drinking water and health; methods of treatment of drinking water; mineral water and health; drinking water hardness and health.
Relationship between health and human behavior; the role of health education as a strategy in health promotion and disease prevention; health promotion.
Environmental health; drinking water and health; methods of treatment of drinking water; mineral water and health; drinking water hardness and health.
Role of the pharmacist in health education and promotion; evidence of effectiveness of pharmacy-based health promotion. New health services in the pharmacy (D.L. n. 153, 3 October, 2009).
Methods for community assessment, evaluation and research; measuring health and disease; principles of demography; demographic transition and health.
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