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Unit EXTENSIVE TRAINING SYSTEMS II

Course
Animal science
Study-unit Code
80063212
Curriculum
In all curricula
Teacher
Cesare Castellini
CFU
12
Course Regulation
Coorte 2017
Offered
2018/19
Type of study-unit
Obbligatorio (Required)
Type of learning activities
Attività formativa integrata

PHYSIOPATHOLOGY OF ANIMAL REPRODUCTION AND ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION

Code 80009706
CFU 6
Teacher Lakamy Sylla
Teachers
  • Lakamy Sylla - Didattica Ufficiale
Hours
  • 60 ore - Didattica Ufficiale - Lakamy Sylla
Learning activities Caratterizzante
Area Discipline zootecniche e delle produzioni animali
Sector VET/10
Type of study-unit Obbligatorio (Required)
Language of instruction Italian
Contents Basic knowledge of male and female reproductive anatomy and physiology of reproduction.
Spermatogenesis.
Testicular thermoregulation.
Gamete transport and fertilization.
Estrus detection.
Techniques of artificial insemination, estrous manipulation and embryo transfer.
Breeding soundness examination of male and female.
More frequent female e male genital tract abnormalities

Program
Basic knowledge of male and female reproductive anatomy and physiology of reproduction. Puberty. Reproductive endocrinology. Estrous cycle, ovulation. spermatogenesis. testicular thermoregulation. Gamete transport and fertilization. Estrus detection. breeding, pregnancy, parturition and involution. Techniques of artificial insemination, estrous manipulation and embryo transfer. Diagnosis of pregnancy. Breeding soundness examination of male and female. More frequent female e male genital tract abnormalities
Reference texts HAFEZ E. Biologia e tecnologia della riproduzione nelle specie animali di interesse zootecnico. Ed italiana a cura di Seren E. Bono G. Tamanini C. Grasso Bologna.
Educational objectives Good knowledge of artificial insemination tecniques and pathophysiology of main diseases of bovine genital tract
Prerequisites In order to understand the contents of the course, the student must have acquired the necessary knowledge imparted in the courses of Anatomy an Physiology.
Teaching methods Theoric Lectures and practical activities
Fresh and frozen semen analysis
Estrous detection in dairy cows
Simulation of artificial insemination on slaugtherhouse bovine genital tract
preparation of artificial insemination instruments
Learning verification modality Oral exam
Extended program Basic knowledge of male and female reproductive anatomy and physiology of reproduction. Puberty. Reproductive endocrinology. Estrous cycle, ovulation. spermatogenesis. testicular thermoregulation. Gamete transport and fertilization. Estrus detection. breeding, pregnancy, parturition and involution. Techniques of artificial insemination, estrous manipulation and embryo transfer. Diagnosis of pregnancy. Breeding soundness examination of male and female. More frequent female e male genital tract abnormalities

MONOGASTRIC TRAINING SYSTEMS

Code 80063106
CFU 6
Teacher Cesare Castellini
Teachers
  • Cesare Castellini - Didattica Ufficiale
Hours
  • 60 ore - Didattica Ufficiale - Cesare Castellini
Learning activities Caratterizzante
Area Discipline zootecniche e delle produzioni animali
Sector AGR/20
Type of study-unit Obbligatorio (Required)
Language of instruction Italian
Contents To provide knowledge to operate within an extensive supply chain: in particular genetic strains, pasture management and feed.
Reference texts Handouts Poultry Rabbit breeding (2010)
Various material (paper and ppt) showed during the course and available on UNISTUDIUM
Educational objectives Knowledge
1. The farming techniques of the main livestock species
2. The main factors affecting the production of meat, and eggs
3. The most important quality characteristics of meat, and eggs
4. The main physiological mechanisms related to production
5. The main systems of traceability of products of animal origin
6. The effect of farming techniques on product quality
7. The management of the qualitative aspects of livestock production
8. The legislation on quality and safety of food of animal origin
9. Genotype-environment interaction
10. Methods for reducing the environmental impact
Skills
1.
Being able to characterize the quality of products of animal origin
2. Knowing how to identify the critical points of production systems through the analysis of data
3. Being able to identify techniques to improve the quality of production
4. Knowing how to apply the techniques of breeding, with particular attention to product quality and animal welfare
5. Propose alternative farming methods to improve the nutritional characteristics of the products
6. Knowing how to organize a system for managing livestock (animal species of your choice)
7. Knowing how to take the traceability of livestock production systems
8. Apply simple analytical techniques for the verification of product quality

Behaviors (interpersonal skills)
1. Be able to work in group
2. Demonstrate sensitivity to safety and quality of products
Prerequisites The ability to make simple calculation and basic knowledge of biology, anatomy, physiology and rearing system is required
Teaching methods The course is organized as follows

- lectures;
- Laboratory exercises for the evaluation of the nutritional characteristics of the products ;
- Classroom exercises for bibliographic research of scientific articles;
- Field experiences (rearing techniques, calculation of rations to reduce environmental impact, animal welfare and quality);
- Seminars with external experts;
- Seminars carried out by small teaching / student working groups;
- Classroom discussion of material previously delivered by the teacher;
- Foreign language activities.
Other information The course will be held in DSA3 classrooms.
Frequence is facultative but reccomended
Learning verification modality The exam consists in an oral examination, and/or in a discussion of individual or group presentation of about 30 min.
Aimed at ensuring the level of knowledge and understanding acquired by the student on the subjects of the course.

The questions will be about the effect of the extensive rearing system on animal welfare, environmental impact, productive performance and the quality of production.

As a whole, the test will evaluate the students' communication and language skills, the ability to apply the acquired skills, and work out solving problems and solutions.
Extended program Lectures
Genotype, environment and their interaction (1.5 credits)
Introduction: the use of resources, productivity, quality and impact in extensive farming systems. Characteristics of the extensive production (strains, environment, balanced feed, integration between the various agents, market structure). Structure and production levels. Historical data and future prospects.
Selection and genetic improvement of livestock species for estensive farming. Addresses productive and appropriate genetic types. Evaluation of genetic lines of adaptation to intensive in terms of productivity/resistance.
Shelters, equipment and farming techniques of the main livestock species
Main management systems, reproductive and feeding techniques.
Main feed used. Feeding techniques in intensive conditions in relation to the production requirements concerning quality of productions (1.5 credits)
Quality characteristics of meat, eggs and milk in relation to intensive systems Identification of critical points of production systems and problem solving
Bioactive compounds in dairy products (essential fatty acids, antioxidants, vitamins) and quality of the products (Functional foods and their role) Environmental impact (1.0 credits)
Situation of the various productive sectors (poultry, rabbit, pig)
Effect of environment and geographical location on the performance and environmental impact
Methodology and comparison of different rating systems: ecological footprint, Lyfe Cycle Assessment, emergy)
Elaboration of case studies (0.2 credits)
avicolture

Rabbit

pig
PRACTICAL LESSONS (1.8 credits) physical-chemical and sensory analysis for the evaluation of the qualitative characteristics of meat, milk and eggs;
Farm visits.
Design and management of farms;
Preparing presentation in English,
use of Internet
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