Università degli Studi di Perugia

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Sciences and tecniques of sports and preventive and adapted physical activity
Study-unit Code
In all curricula
Fabio Massimo Botti
Course Regulation
Coorte 2018
Type of study-unit
Obbligatorio (Required)
Type of learning activities
Attività formativa integrata


Code 50A00003
Teacher Luigi Bertini
Learning activities Caratterizzante
Area Discipline motorie e sportive
Sector M-EDF/02
Type of study-unit Obbligatorio (Required)


Code 50A00004
Teacher Fabio Massimo Botti
  • Fabio Massimo Botti - Didattica Ufficiale
  • 40 ore - Didattica Ufficiale - Fabio Massimo Botti
Learning activities Caratterizzante
Area Discipline motorie e sportive
Sector M-EDF/02
Type of study-unit Obbligatorio (Required)
Language of instruction italian language
Contents The role of the functional tests in in designing a fitness training program and monitoring its effectiveness. General principles in test application. how to collect, process and interpret results for training and research. Evaluation methods for anthropometrics, condition, coordination and skill
Reference texts "pdf" from the slides presented during the lessons.

Weineck J., L’allenamento ottimale, ed. Calzetti e Mariucci, Perugia

- Apprendimento motorio e prestazione. Schmidt R.A., Wrisberg C. A..Società Stampa Sportiva, Roma.

further readings

- Didattica delle attività motorie per l’età evolutiva. Francesco Casolo. V&P. Università ed.

- Fisiologia dell’esercizio Fisico e dello Sport. Willmore E Costill. Calzetti E Mariucci ed.

- Motor Learning and Control. Richard A. Magill. Mcgraw – Hill ed

- Neuromechanics of Human Movement. Roger M. Enoka Human Kinetics ed.

- Neuroni Specchio L. Craighero. Il Mulino ed.

Bosco C., la valutazione della forza con il test di Bosco, Società Stampa Sportiva, Roma.

Buckley J. Exercise physiology in special populations. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier

Enoka R. M., Neuromechanics of human movement, Human Kinetics.

Maud P.J., Foster C. Physiological assessment of human fitness. Human Kinetics

Payton C.J., Bartlett R.M. Biomechanical evaluation of movement in sport and exercise. Routledge, Oxon
Educational objectives At the end of the course the student is expected to have acquired the theoretical and practical knowlwge necessary to adequately choose evaluation tests in a fitness program
Prerequisites Basic knowledge of biology, biochemistry physiology, pathology, biomechanics and sport science acquired in the basic curse of motor sciences are desirable. However, at the beginning of the curse an evaluation test, aiming to define the knowledge of the propedeutical arguments will be performed and the lessons will be accordingly tailored.
Teaching methods face to face
Other information For information on support services for students with disabilities and / or DSA visit http://www.unipg.it/disabilita-e-dsa
Learning verification modality 2 progress evaluations with multiple choice questions aimed at verifying the learning level about the arguments described in the lessons and a final oral exam designed to assess the degree of retention of the contents, and the associative skill of the student
Extended program Propaedeutical elements

Essentials of anatomy and physiology of the organs and systems primarily involved in the motion and physical exercise: musculo-skeletal system as biomechanical effector, the nervous system as control system. Cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Elements of kinesiology: plans and reference axes of the human body. Postures and movement patterns. Elements of biomechanics: elements of physics of the vectors, levers, moment of force and its measure units, the skeletal muscle as a vectorial force generator,

Principles of human movement and training science:"The integration of information from multiple sensory modalities allows for the creation of internal representations of the body relative to the surround essential to produce effective motor commands. Motor principles. Closed loop and open loop control of movement. Classification criteria of human motion The mirror neuron system: implications for the control of movement, learning and relationality. The motor program: omparison of theories and models. Laterality, dominance and transfer

Planning of the training program.Physical training definitions and principles. Response to the training stimulus: changes during and immediately after exercise (fatigue and recovery). Long-term adaptation processes following the exposure to a workload. Eterochrony of the adaptation processes. Effects of workloads repeated over time: the adaptation reserve.

General principles of physical training. Structure of a training program. Sport science and nutritional principles.

Temporal structure of the training program. Variables of the exercise : volume, intensity, frequency, density, complexity. Motor skills an motor abilities. Principles and methods of Strength, Endurance, agility, rapidity training. Principles of training of coordinative abilities: rhythm, balance, reaction, orientation, differentiation, transformation and mating. Motor learning. Learning without specific training. Memory and learning. Look out. Theories of motor learning and stages of learning. Stability of learned skills, adaptability vs. specificity.

The performance profile and the development of a training program.

Function assessment techniques: their role in designing a training program and monitoring its effectiveness. The definition of athlete’s performance profile as a prerequisite for an individualized training programming. Organization and schedule of a functional evaluation session. Basic statistic methods in sport science. Specificity and sensitivity of the measurement methods. Validity, stability of a measurement method. Factors affecting test repeatability. General characteristics of an evaluation test. Physical and physiological variables and measure instruments. Anthropometric measures. Measures of time variables, Kinematic measures Kinetic measurements.Physiological measures. Electrophysiological and functional imaging techniques open a window on the effects of training on the control system.

The Need for methods integrating biomechanical, functional and neurophysiological measures.

Testing condition:Force: Test isometric force.Testing maximal dynamic force and explosive force Test of reactive force. Evaluation of the impulse of force and muscle drive. Tests for sprint and velocity. Rationale for the construction of force-velocity diagrams. Bosco’s coefficients of elasticity and coordination. Metabolic efficiency rating estimates with capacitive platforms. Endurance and aerobic capacity tests. Rests of rapidity and of reaction capacity. Speed- accuracy relationship. Test for cyclical movements.

Joint mobility. tests

Testing coordination and skill:Tests for the motor differentiation ability. Test reaction. Static and dynamic balance control: field tests and instrumental measures. Evaluation of dexterity. Qualitative analysis of gesture Electromyography and intermuscular coordination

Motor learning: retention test and transfer stability
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