Unit History and Politics of European Integration

International relations
Study-unit Code
Conflitti internazionali, studi strategici e analisi di politica estera
Francesco Randazzo
  • Francesco Randazzo
  • 42 ore - Francesco Randazzo
Course Regulation
Coorte 2021
Learning activities
Attività formative affini o integrative
Academic discipline
Type of study-unit
Opzionale (Optional)
Type of learning activities
Attività formativa monodisciplinare
Language of instruction
italian language
After the Second World War, Europe, divided for more than forty years by the "Iron Curtain", was the protagonist of a revolutionary political and economic transformation. The sacrifice of sovereignty by the States, in exchange for a greater presence in the determination of political and economic choices, in the common legislative process, in the single market, monetary unification, common citizenship, protection of human rights, fundamental freedoms and social solidarity . The integration process has given rise to an original institutional structure, a highly integrated economy and society that today includes the whole of the continent. The course offers a narration of the origins, historical developments and most recent events of European integration, together with a more detailed reading of the entry of the former Warsaw Pact countries into the EU with the explosion of various national issues
Reference texts
L'Europa adulta: attori, ragioni e sfide dall'Atto unico alla Brexit, a cura di Elena Calandri, Giuliana Laschi e Simone Paoli, Bologna, il Mulino, 2020;
R. Coletti, La questione orientale. I Balcani tra integrazione e sicurezza, Roma, Donzelli, 2019.
Educational objectives
The aim of the course is to provide the student with the basics, and especially the main historical knowledge, of the process of European integration studded with many internal factors and external to the Member States. At the end of the course the student must know how to orientate the different national peculiarities in the European space and, in particular, understand the integration processes of the Eastern European countries that joined in the years following the fall of the Berlin Wall to the European Union project. The critical attitude and the elaboration of historical-analytical categories will be developed during the whole course and, if we want, constitute the minimum objective foreseen for the purpose of the course itself, besides the student's ability to integrate the knowledge harmonizing with the various study processes underway in the
specialist degree
It is fundamental (but not binding) that the student has followed, during the course of the bachelor's degree, courses in Contemporary History and History of International Relations, as preparatory to the basic learning of
the concepts that will be reported during the course.
Teaching methods
The teaching activity includes lectures in the classroom, participation in conferences and seminars on topics related to the course, video projections or films that enrich the contents of the course. It is also expected that students will be able, in the second part of the course, to discuss in groups, or individually, specific topics on which they will be
proposed by the teacher in-depth.
If the health emergency continues to require it, teaching will be delivered in mixed mode.
Other information
Class Attendance is not required but strongly advised
Learning verification modality
The final exam consists in an oral examination, of about 25-30 minutes, which aims at evaluating the acquisition of sufficient knowledge on the topics of the course.
The oral exam also tests the student’s ability to communicate their ideas effectively. Students are assessed on language skills such as the fluency to explain and define academic terms and concepts, and the ability to understand and respond clearly to questions. The oral test may be replaced by a written paper (short essay) in which the student will be able to undertake individual work on a topic of his or her choice from those identified with the lecturer. The topics will mainly concern the phenomenon of the eastward enlargement of the European Union, on which various focuses will be opened up.
Extended program
The birth of European Community: the beginning of integration, Paris, 9 May 1950; the Europe of coal and steel; leaks forward: from Messina to Rome; the Treaties of Rome. Economic integration and political disunity: the realization of the common market; Community agricultural policy; the EEC and the national States; Europe according to de Gaulle; enlargement failed. The hairpin of the seventies: Europe after de Gaulle; From Six to Nine; the interrupted path towards the monetary union; from the oil shock to the European monetary system; political stasis and institutional innovations; the EEC and the outside world
The single market: between old and new; financial crisis and process to the CAP; hypothesis for a revival; the Single European Act; around 1992; beyond the Single Act. The European Union: German reunification and Europe; Maastricht; on the path of monetary union; the Union is expanding; Amsterdam Treaty and institutional impasse. Union without Constitution: Which future for the Union?
The United States of America and the "old Europe"; the great enlargement; the failed Constitution;
Twenty eight and more. Economic crisis and crisis in Europe: Greek tragedy; Germany goes to the chair; austerity; the shadow of the crisis
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