Università degli Studi di Perugia


Mechanical engineering
Study-unit Code
In all curricula
Renzo Campanella
  • Renzo Campanella
  • 108 ore - Renzo Campanella
Course Regulation
Coorte 2022
Learning activities
Fisica e chimica
Academic Discipline
Type of study-unit
Obbligatorio (Required)
Type of learning activities
Attività formativa monodisciplinare
Language of instruction
The course aims to help physics students learn the fundamental of classical physics and develop the calculation skills needed to apply these principles to real cases.
Topics include: linear and rotational motion, Newton’s laws, conservation of energy and momentum, gravitation, fluids, oscillations, and harmonic oscillator, both free, dumped and forced; basics of thermodynamics and the microscopic understanding of it based on elementary statistical mechanics; electrodynamics, the theory of electricity and magnetism. The course covers electrostatics (the electric field, electric potential, conductors), magnetostatics (electric currents vector potential), electromagnetic induction and an introduction to Maxwell’s equations (including wave solutions).
Reference texts
1) "Fisica. Meccanica e Termodinamica"; U. Gasparini, M. Margoni, F. Simonetto; Piccin (2021); ISBN: 978-88-299-2972-6; € 35,00
2) "Fisica. Elettromagnetismo e Onde"; U. Gasparini, M. Margoni, F. Simonetto; Piccin (2021); ISBN: 978-88-299-3195-8; € 35,00
Educational objectives
Knowledge of the physical laws of mechanics, thermodynamics and of electromagnetism in free space.
Capability of solving simple problems concerning mechanics, thermodynamics and of electromagnetism in free space.
Good skills in algebra, geometry, trigonometry are required, as well a basic knowledge of the differential calculus.
Teaching methods
The course consists of face-to-face lectures on all subjects
Other information
The teacher can be reached at the university email address.
Students with disabilities are welcome to contact privately the teacher with regards to any specific aid during the course or for the examination.
Learning verification modality
Two written test with exercises and one oral examination. The first test concerns mechanics; the second one thermodinamics and electromagnetism. Each test comprises three exercises, and a minimum score of 15/30 is required. The oral examination is based on 5/6 question; its lenghth is generally 40/60 min.
Extended program
Physical Quantities and Units - Vectors, Scalars, and Coordinate Systems - Vector Addition and Subtraction: Graphical Methods and Analytical Methods - Scalar product - Vector product
Kinematics: Displacement, Time, Speed and Velocity, Acceleration - One-Dimensional Kinematics - Motion Equations for Constant Acceleration in One Dimension - Falling Objects- Two-Dimensional Kinematics - Uniform Circular Motion - Projectile Motion - Addition of Velocities
Dynamics: Force and Newton's Laws of Motion - Development of Force Concept - Newton’s First Law of Motion: Inertia Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Newton’s Third Law of Motion: Symmetry in Forces - Normal, Tension, and Other Examples of Forces - The Four Basic Forces - Friction, Drag, and Elasticity
Rotation Angle and Angular Velocity - Centripetal Acceleration - Centripetal Force - Fictitious Forces and Non-inertial Frames: The Coriolis Force - Newton’s Universal Law of Gravitation - Satellites and Kepler’s Laws
Work, Energy, and Energy Resources - Work: The Scientific Definition - Kinetic Energy and the Work-Energy Theorem - Conservative Forces and Potential Energy - Nonconservative Forces - Conservation of Energy - Power - Linear Momentum and Collisions - Impulse - Conservation of Momentum - Elastic and Inelastic Collisions in One Dimension
Conditions for Equilibrium - Stability and Statics - Angular Acceleration - Kinematics of Rotational Motion - Dynamics of Rotational Motion: Rotational Inertia - Rotational Kinetic Energy: Work and Energy Revisited
Angular Momentum and Its Conservation - Collisions of Extended Bodies in Two Dimensions
Fluid Statics and Dynamics
Definition of Fluid - Density - Pascal’s Principle - Pressure - Variation of Pressure with Depth in a Fluid - Archimedes’ Principle - Flow Rate and Its Relation to Velocity - Bernoulli’s Equation - Viscosity and Laminar Flow; Poiseuille’s Law
Temperature, Kinetic Theory, and the Gas Laws - Temperature - Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids - The Ideal Gas Law - Kinetic Theory: Atomic and Molecular Explanation of Pressure and Temperature - Phase Changes - Humidity, Evaporation, and Boiling - Heat - Temperature Change and Heat Capacity - Phase Change and Latent Heat - Heat Transfer Methods: Conduction, Convection, Radiation
The First Law of Thermodynamics - The Second Law of Thermodynamics: Heat Engines and Their Efficiency - Carnot’s Perfect Heat Engine - Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics: Disorder and the Unavailability of Energy - Statistical Interpretation of Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Oscillatory Motion and Waves - Hooke’s Law: Stress and Strain Revisited - Period and Frequency in Oscillations - Simple Harmonic Motion - The Simple Pendulum - Energy and the Simple Harmonic Oscillator
Uniform Circular Motion and Simple Harmonic Motion - Damped Harmonic Motion - Forced Oscillations and Resonance - Waves - Superposition and Interference - Energy in Waves: Intensity - Doppler Effect
Electric Charge and Electric Field - Static Electricity and Charge: Conservation of Charge - Conductors and Insulators - Coulomb’s Law - Electric Field - Electric Field Lines: Multiple Charges - Conductors and Electric Fields in Static Equilibrium - Electric Potential and Electric Field - Electric Potential Energy: Potential Difference - Electric Potential in a Uniform Electric Field - Electrical Potential Due to a Point Charge - Equipotential Lines - Capacitors and Dielectrics - Capacitors in Series and Parallel - Energy Stored in Capacitors - Electric Current, Resistance, and Ohm's Law - Current - Ohm’s Law: Resistance and Simple Circuits - Resistance and Resistivity - Electric Power and Energy - Resistors in Series and Parallel - Electromotive Force: Terminal Voltage - Kirchhoff’s Rules - Magnetism - Magnets - Ferromagnets and Electromagnets - Magnetic Fields and Magnetic Field Lines - Magnetic Field Strength: Force on a Moving Charge in a Magnetic Field - Force on a Moving Charge in a Magnetic Field - Magnetic Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor - Torque on a Current Loop - Magnetic Fields Produced by Currents: Ampere’s Law - Magnetic Force between Two Parallel Conductors - Electromagnetic Induction - Induced e.m.f. and Magnetic Flux - Faraday’s Law of Induction; Lenz’s Law - Motional e.m.f. - Inductance - Maxwell’s Equations - Electromagnetic Waves
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