Veterinary medicine
Study-unit Code
In all curricula
Maria Teresa Mandara
  • Elvio Lepri (Codocenza)
  • 52 ore (Codocenza) - Elvio Lepri
Course Regulation
Coorte 2017
Learning activities
Discipline anatomo-patologiche ed ispettive veterinarie
Academic discipline
Type of study-unit
Obbligatorio (Required)
Type of learning activities
Attività formativa monodisciplinare
Language of instruction
Veterinary necropsy technique: objectives and limits, necropsy equipment, precautions and rules; post mortem diagnosis and interpretation of lesions. Post mortem lesions: interpretation and timing of death; basis of forensic veterinary pathology.
Anatomic pathology of respiratory: review of anatomic and functional predisposing factors; lesions affecting nasal cavities, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs; main diseases affecting respiratory system
Anatomic pathology of cardiovascular system: lesions affecting vessels and mostly hearth, including congenital/idiopathic and acquired diseases.
Anatomic pathology of osteoarticular system. Gross findings of the most common diseases involving these systems.
Reference texts
1) James F. Zachary: Pathologic bases of veterinary diseases Mosby 2016
2) Paolo Stefano Marcato: Patologia sistematica veterinaria. Edagricole, Bologna, 2015.
3) M.Grant Maxie. Pathology of domestic animals. Saunders Elsevier, London, 2015
Educational objectives
The main aims of the course are:
1) getting knowledge of informations necessary to apply diagnostic metods and procedures in pathology
2) fournish the student the knowledge of the main gross and histological lesions of the respiratory, cardiocirculatory and skeletal system.
3) allow the student to understand pathogenetic patways of lesions.
4) let the student get the knowledge of the anatomohistopathological pictures of the main diseases affecting each system. Practical training has the goal to let the student to be able to perform necropsies, pathological examinations of surgical samples, cytological and histological evaluations. Furthermore it will allow the student to acquire the knowledge in identification, interpretation and classification of elemetary lesions as to achieve a I level morphological diagnosis with references to possible etiologies.
5) allow the studet to get a properly description and language.Lectures and practical sessions not performed for serious reasons will be recovered in times to be concorded woth the students
Teaching methods
The course is organized as follows:
Lectures on all subjects of the course
Practical lessons during which students perform necropsies of carcasses or examinations of viscera from the slaughterhouse
Practical lessons during which the students are asked to describe pathological images
Practical self-directed activities during which students are asked to use multimedial systems and apply problem-solving methods
Practical self-directed activities during which students are asked to focus on a subject of the course by reading a scientific paper and to communicate the results to classmates
Extended program

The necropsy technique, collection and submission of specimens for laboratory examinations (2 h)
Determination of the death time; post-mortem changes versus antemortem lesions. Elements of veterinary forensic pathology (1 h)


NASAL CAVITIES: Congenital defects and circulatory disturbances of nasal cavities; Inflammations and tumors of the upper respiratory tract. (2 h)
AIRWAYS: congenital malformations, inflammation and tumors of upper airways (larynx, trachea and bronchi) (1 h)
LUNGS: congenital defects and circulatory disturbances of the lung (1h)
Changes in pulmonary air content: enphisema and atelectasia (1 h)
Anatomic patterns of pneumonia: bronchopneumonia, lobar pneumonia, interstitial, embolic and granulomatous pneumonia. (3 h)
Patterns of viral pneumonia (1 h)
Patterns of bacterial pneumonia (1 h)
Patterns of parasitic pneumonia (1 h)
Primary tumors of the lung (1 h)
Pleural pathology (1 h)
Pathology of respiratory diseases of cattle: infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR); parainfluenza and BRSV pneumonia; enzootic pneumonia in calves; Shipping fever, histophilus somni and pasteurella multocida broncopneumonia; Mycoplasmal pneumonia: contagious bovine pleuropneumonia and mycoplasma bovis pneumonia; fog fever and extrinsic allergic alveolitis ; tuberculosis (2 h)
Pathology of respiratory diseases of Small ruminants: ovine oestriasis; ovine enzootic pneumonia; lentiviral pneumonia: maedi-visna and caprine arthritis-encephalitis viral pneumonia; Enzootic nasal tumors and ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma (jaagsiekte); contagious caprine pleuropneumonia; lungworm pneumonia of sheep and goats. (1 h)
Pathology of respiratory diseases of Equine: strangles; progressive ethmoid hematomas; EIPH (exercise induced pulmonary hemorrages); RAO (recurrent airway obstruction); equine influenza; herpesvirus; rhodococcosis; equine bacterial pneumonia and pleuropneumonia; glanders; equine fungal and parasitic pneumonias; EMPF. (1 h)
Pathology of respiratory diseases of Swine: inclusion body rhinitis; atrophic rhinitis; necrotic rhinitis (bull nose); swine influenza; PRRS (porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome); porcine circovirus pneumonia; swine pleuropneumonia; enzootic pneumonia; polysierositis; swine lungworm disease. (1 h)
Pathology of respiratory diseases of Dogs and cats: canine infectious tracheobronchitis; canine distemper; paraquat pneumonia; fungal and parasitic lung diseases; feline viral rhinotracheitis; feline fungal and parasitic pneumonias. Canine and feline nasal and pulmonary neoplasia. (1 h)


Physiopathology of hematic and lymphatic circulations; adaptative changes of the heart (1 h)
Primary cardiomyopathies. (2 h)
Cardiocirculatory malformations. (1 h)
Myocardial degenerative changes and inflammation. (2 h)
Endocardial degenerative and inflammatory lesions. (2 h)
Pericardial diseases: pericardial effusion and inflammation (1 h)
Tumors of the heart (1 h)
Pathology of vascular system; vascular tumors; most common diseases targeted to circulatory system: Feline Infectious Peritonitis, equine strongylosis, Canine dirofilariosis, classic and african swine fever, horse sickness, blue tongue. (2 h)


Skeletal malformations. Degerative changes of bones; inflammatoty lesions of bones. Tumors of skeletal system. (1 h)
Degenerative and inflammatory changes of joints; articular tumors (1 h)
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