Veterinary medicine
Study-unit Code
In all curricula
Elvio Lepri
  • Elvio Lepri
  • 52 ore - Elvio Lepri
Course Regulation
Coorte 2018
Learning activities
Discipline anatomo-patologiche ed ispettive veterinarie
Academic discipline
Type of study-unit
Obbligatorio (Required)
Type of learning activities
Attività formativa monodisciplinare
Language of instruction
Veterinary necropsy technique: objectives and limits, necropsy equipment, precautions and rules; post mortem diagnosis and interpretation of lesions. Post mortem lesions: interpretation and timing of death; basis of forensic veterinary pathology.
Anatomic pathology of respiratory: review of anatomic and functional predisposing factors; lesions affecting nasal cavities, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs; main diseases affecting respiratory system
Anatomic pathology of cardiovascular system: lesions affecting vessels and mostly hearth, including congenital/idiopathic and acquired diseases.
Anatomic pathology of osteoarticular system. Gross findings of the most common diseases involving these systems.
Reference texts
1) Paolo Stefano Marcato: Patologia sistematica veterinaria. Edagricole, Bologna, 2015.

2) James F. Zachary: Pathologic bases of veterinary diseases Mosby 2016
3) M.Grant Maxie. Pathology of domestic animals. Saunders Elsevier, London, 2015
Educational objectives
The main aims of the course are:
Knowledge and understanding: the course aims to give the students the knowledge about the correct autopsy technique, the equipment and safety procedures to apply during necropsies; of the post-mortem changes and their interpretation; of the ancillary techniques to be used together with pathology; of the gross and histological lesions of the respiratory, cardiovascular and osteoarticular systems; of the mechanisms of diseases; of the main anatomo-pathological patterns of the lesion of these systems.

Applying knowledge and understanding: the course’s aim is to make the students able to perform a necropsy with related report; sampling for ancillary tests; identify the pattern of the lesion by gross and histological evaluation of carcasses and tissues, as well as by seeing digital images of the lesions; performing a correct morphological diagnosis.
At the end of the course the student is expected to apply the correct procedures to performing a necropsy, anatomohistopathological examinations of organs or tissues, sampling and managing of laboratory exams.

Making judgements: the aim of the course is to make differential diagnosis among diseases with similar pathological features (morphologic diagnosis), by using adequate ancillary tests.

Communication: the course’s aim is to give to the student a correct terminology for description of the lesions; for filling the form for sending samples to pathology; to communicate with colleagues.

Lifelong learning skills: during the course the students will achieve autonomy in reading literature sources and understanding what is the main information to get to allow solutions of medical problems

In summary, the day-one competences to be achieved in the couirse are:
1) Work effectively as a member of a multi-disciplinary team in the delivery of services.
2) Collect, preserve and transport samples, select appropriate diagnostic tests, interpret and understand the limitations of the test results.
3) Apply principles of bio-security correctly, including sterilisation of equipment and disinfection of clothing.
4) Perform a systematic gross post-mortem examination, record observations, sample tissues, store and transport them.
5) understanding the aetiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnosis and treatment of the common diseases and disorders that occur in all common domestic species.
6) to be aware of other diseases of international importance that pose a risk to national and international biosecurity and trade.
Teaching methods
The course is organized as follows:
Lectures on all subjects of the course
Practical lessons during which students perform necropsies of carcasses or examinations of viscera from the slaughterhouse
Practical lessons during which the students are asked to describe pathological images
Practical self-directed activities during which students are asked to use multimedial systems and apply problem-solving methods.
Practical lessons at the microscope during which the student evaluate the histological features of the main lesions described.
Practical self-directed activities during which students are asked to focus on a subject of the course by reading a scientific paper and to communicate the results to classmates
Extended program

The necropsy technique, collection and submission of specimens for laboratory examinations (2 h)
Determination of the death time; post-mortem changes versus antemortem lesions. Elements of veterinary forensic pathology (1 h)


NASAL CAVITIES: Congenital defects and circulatory disturbances of nasal cavities; Inflammations and tumors of the upper respiratory tract. (2 h)
AIRWAYS: congenital malformations, inflammation and tumors of upper airways (larynx, trachea and bronchi) (1 h)
LUNGS: congenital defects and circulatory disturbances of the lung (1h)
Changes in pulmonary air content: enphisema and atelectasia (1 h)
Anatomic patterns of pneumonia: bronchopneumonia, lobar pneumonia, interstitial, embolic and granulomatous pneumonia. (3 h)
Patterns of viral pneumonia (1 h)
Patterns of bacterial pneumonia (1 h)
Patterns of parasitic pneumonia (1 h)
Primary tumors of the lung (1 h)
Pleural pathology (1 h)
Pathology of respiratory diseases of cattle: infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR); parainfluenza and BRSV pneumonia; enzootic pneumonia in calves; Shipping fever, histophilus somni and pasteurella multocida broncopneumonia; Mycoplasmal pneumonia: contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (BCPP) and mycoplasma bovis pneumonia; acute pulmonary emphysema and edema syndrome; extrinsic allergic alveolitis ; tuberculosis (2 h)
Pathology of respiratory diseases of Small ruminants: ovine oestriasis; ovine enzootic pneumonia; lentiviral pneumonia: maedi-visna and caprine arthritis-encephalitis viral pneumonia; Enzootic nasal tumors and ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma (jaagsiekte); contagious caprine pleuropneumonia; lungworm pneumonia of sheep and goats. Ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma (1 h)
Pathology of respiratory diseases of Equine: strangles; progressive ethmoid hematomas; EIPH (exercise induced pulmonary hemorrages); RAO (recurrent airway obstruction); equine influenza; herpesvirus; rhodococcosis; equine bacterial pneumonia and pleuropneumonia; glanders; equine fungal and parasitic pneumonias; EMPF. (1 h)
Pathology of respiratory diseases of Swine: inclusion body rhinitis; atrophic rhinitis; necrotic rhinitis (bull nose); swine influenza; PRRS (porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome); porcine circovirus pneumonia; swine pleuropneumonia; enzootic pneumonia; polysierositis; swine lungworm disease. (1 h)
Pathology of respiratory diseases of Dogs and cats: canine infectious tracheobronchitis; canine distemper; paraquat pneumonia; fungal and parasitic lung diseases; feline viral rhinotracheitis; feline fungal and parasitic pneumonias. Canine and feline nasal and pulmonary neoplasia. (1 h)


Physiopathology of hematic and lymphatic circulations; adaptative changes of the heart (1 h)
Primary cardiomyopathies. (1 h)
Cardiocirculatory malformations. (1 h)
Myocardial degenerative changes and inflammation. (2 h)
Endocardial degenerative and inflammatory lesions. (1 h)
Pericardial diseases: pericardial effusion and inflammation (1 h)
Tumors of the heart (1 h)
Pathology of vascular system; vascular tumors; most common diseases targeted to circulatory system: Feline Infectious Peritonitis, equine strongylosis, Canine dirofilariosis, classic and african swine fever, horse sickness, blue tongue. (2 h)


Skeletal malformations. Degerative changes of bones; inflammatoty lesions of bones. Tumors of skeletal system. (2 h)
Degenerative and inflammatory changes of joints; articular tumors (2 h)
Condividi su