Veterinary medicine
Study-unit Code
In all curricula
Fabrizio Passamonti
  • Fabrizio Passamonti
  • 52 ore - Fabrizio Passamonti
Course Regulation
Coorte 2018
Learning activities
Discipline delle malattie infettive ed infestive
Academic discipline
Type of study-unit
Obbligatorio (Required)
Type of learning activities
Attività formativa monodisciplinare
Language of instruction
The course focuses on with the major infectious diseases of domestic and wild animals with particular reference to etiological, epidemiological, diagnostic and prophylactic features.
Reference texts
Farina-Scatozza :Malattie infettive degli animali UTET II° edizione
O.M. Radostits, J.H. Arundel, Clive C. Gay: Veterinary Medicine: a textbook of the diseases of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats and horses, Ed. Saunders, 2007, 10 edizione.
Sellon-Long: Equine Infectious diseases, Ed. Saunders, 2007

Zimmerman J.J., Karrieker L., Ramirez A., Schwartz K.J., Stevenson G.W.: Diseases of swine. Wiley -Blackwell, 2012.

Coetzer J.A.W., Tustin R.C. : Infectious Diseases of livestock., Oxford University 2004.

Benazzi P., Il Regolamento di Polizia veterinaria Esculapio 2011.

Manuale OIE (Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals 2012) http://www.oie.int/international-standard-setting/terrestrial-manual/access-online/)

In addition to texts recommended other educational material available is used by the teacher during lessons.
Educational objectives
The main main objective of the course is to provide the student with the basics for dealing with the study of infectious diseases, the knowledge of the diagnostic methods to be used to reach a diagnosis and which prophylactic measures to adopt to limit their spread.
Specifically, the studende must:
- To improve the basic knowledge concerning the relations between guests, pathogens and the environment
- Know the etiology-pathogenetic and epidemiological aspects of diseases affecting farm animals
- Know the main zoonotic agents, underlining their socio-economic significance
- Know how diseases spread in animal and human populations by emphasizing the importance of emerging infectious diseases and factors
that determine them
- Know the main clinical signs and the lesions that characterize the infectious diseases faced
- Know the main diagnostic methods applied and their limits
- Know the direct and indirect prophylaxis plans to be applied to individual infectious diseases
- Know the vaccines and the main vaccination protocols in the different animal species treated
- Know any therapeutic protocols
- Know the basics of the application of biosecurity measures and the hygienic-health management of farms.
- Know the national and international legislation concerning prevention and control.
At the end of the course the student will:
- Know how to recognize the main clinical signs that characterize infectious diseases on the basis of which to formulate a suspicious diagnosis taking into account the possible differential diagnoses
- Know how to identify and apply the most appropriate diagnostic protocol taking into consideration the clinical picture and the epidemiological situation
- Know how to interpret the laboratory results related to the infectious diseases addressed
- Know how to set up preventive interventions based on the application of direct and indirect prophylaxis measures and surveillance plans against
infectious diseases of animals and zoonoses.
- Know how to identify the most appropriate vaccination protocol taking into consideration the risk / benefit analysis
The student must be able to recognize and manage the main infectious diseases faced during the course taking into consideration the knowledge acquired on:
- Aetiopathetic aspects of the treated microorganisms
- Clinical signs and injuries
- Diagnosis with reference to laboratory tests
- Measures of prophylaxis and vaccination protocols
The student will:
- Demonstrate language properties and use appropriate terminology
- Know how to organize and present a coherent discourse, using technical terminology, on the various aspects concerning infectious diseases
- Know how to communicate to larger forums with the help of power point
At the end of the course the student should:
- Possess a sufficient mastery of the subject matter in order to have sufficient knowledge useful for the continuation of the course of study and for the
future professional life
- Possess diagnostic skills based on an appropriate appeal to the laboratory and a critical interpretation of the results obtained
- Know how to consult and understand scientific texts and other bibliographic sources
Teaching methods
The course is organized as follows:

36 hours of lectures in the classroom on the different topics of the teaching course, in particular related to the etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms, diagnosis and prophylaxis of infectious diseases of cattle, sheeps, goats, pigs and horses;

12 hours of practical lessons (4 student groups) that are carried out in part in the workshops of the Department and the rest at farms (cattle, sheep, pigs, horses).

Field activities include identification and assessment of the main risk factors related to infectious diseases (acquisition of vocational skills). During the external activities it will be discussed about any problem present in the farm, by an analysis of the protocols of prophylaxis used in the specific context of production and identification of opportunities for health improvement (acquisition of processing capacity and synthesis; acquisition of communication skills and team work).
4 hours of Clinical rotation (11 teams of 5 students) where students work alongside the teacher in the diagnostic microbiology laboratory starting from clinical case samples from the veterinary teaching hospital and external facilities. Putting into practice the methods acquired during the course of study.
Extended program
Theoretical lessons:
Course introduction (organization and final exam information). Equine Herpetic infections: EHV-1, EHV-4, EHV-3, EHV-2 and EHV-5 (1.5 hours);
Equine viral arteritis (1.5 hours), Influenza viruses (1.5 hours), Equine infectious anemia (1.5 hours),
Rhodococcus equi infection, Strangles, Contagious Equine Metritis (1.5 hours).
Brucellosis (1.5 hours); Tuberculosis (1.5 hours); Paratuberculosis (1.5 hours); Mastitis (1.5 hours);
Bovine rhinotracheitis virus, Parainfluenza-3 virus, Viral Respiratory Syncytial virus (1.5 hours);
Bovine Viral Diarrhea / Mucosal Disease virus, Border disease (1.5 hours);
Enzootic Bovine Leukosis, Visna-Maedi, Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis virus, Sheep Pulmonary Adenomatosis (1.5 hours)
Caseous Lymphadenitis (CLA), Contagious Ecthyma (1 hour), Infectious Abortion in ruminants (1.5 hours).
Aujeszky's disease/Pseudorabies (1.5 hours), Classical Swine Fever (1.5 hours), Swine Erysipelas (1 hour), Parvovirosis in pigs, Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome, Swine Circovirus (1.5 hours)

Diseases sustained by bacteria belonging to the Pasteurellaceae family (Gen. Pasteurella, Mannheimia, Actinobacillus, Histophilus, Haemophilus) in pigs, ruminants and horses (1.5 hours).

Mycoplasmosis of ruminants and pigs (1.5 hours).

Vesicular diseases: Foot-and-mouth disease, swine vesicular disease, Vesicular Exanthema, Vesicular Stomatitis (1.5 hours).

Infections sustained by bacteria belonging to the Enterobacteraceae family (Gen. Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp., Klebsiella spp., Yersinia spp.). (1.5 hours)

Clostridiosis: Tetanus, Botulism, Gas Gangrene (Blackleg, Malignant Edema), Clostridium perfringens infections (1.5 hours).

Neonatal Diarrhea (Rotavirus and Coronavirus Infections), Brachyspira hyodysenteriae infection, Proliferative enteritis sustained by Lawsonia intracellularis (1 hour).

Prion diseases: Scrapie, Bovine Spongiformis Encephalitis, Cronic Wasting Disease (1.5 hours).

Practical lessons:
Diagnostic Protocols in Infectious Diseases (2 hours)
Experience on field at a Breeding Station and English Thoroughbred farm (2 hours)
Experience on field at a dairy farm (2 hours)
Experience on field at a beef cattle farm (2 hours)
Experience on field at a sheep farm (2 hours)
Experience on field at a pig farm (2 hours)

Clinical Rotations (4 hours): Participation in the activities of the Microbiological Diagnostic Laboratory of the Department Veterinary Teaching Hospital. Acceptance of biological samples and medical history. Performing bacteriological and serological examinations, bacterial typification and diagnostic staining. Setting and Interpreting Antimicrobial sensitivity tests.
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