Unit ADE - Diagnostic pathology in veterinary oncology

Veterinary medicine
Study-unit Code
In all curricula
Monica Sforna
  • Monica Sforna
  • 25 ore - Monica Sforna
Course Regulation
Coorte 2017
Learning activities
A scelta dello studente
A scelta dello studente
Academic discipline
Type of study-unit
Opzionale (Optional)
Type of learning activities
Attività formativa monodisciplinare
Language of instruction
The course provides the basic skills to interpret a cytological and histological samples obtained by neoplasia of pets. Through the study of clinical cases, we will define the diagnostic algorithms and the gradation systems of the main round cells tumors, mesenchymal tumors and epithelial tumors.
Reference texts
• R. Raskin & D. Meyer, Canine and Feline Cytology-A Color Atlas and Interpretation Guide, 3rd Edition; Saunders 2015
• D. J. Meuten, Tumors in Domestic Animals, 5th Edition, Wiley-Blackwell 2016
• Withrow and MacEwen's, Small Animal Clinical Oncology, 5th Edition, Saunders 2012
Educational objectives
The aim of the course is to provide the student with basic knowledge (know) to construct a cytological and histopathological diagnostic algorithm for the main dog and cat neoplasms.

D1. Knowledge and understanding.
At the end of the course, the student must have acquired:
- the main cytological and histological characteristics of a round, mesenchymal, epithelial cell tumors;
- the gradation systems and prognostic markers of the most important neoplasms selected in each category.

D2. Ability to apply knowledge and understanding
At the end of the training the student will be able to:
- formulate diagnostic algorithms and macroscopic and cytopathological differential diagnoses in oncology;
- obtain adequate cytological samples from a lesion;
- correctly mark the margins of an oncological lesion
- interpret a cytological and / or histopathological report describing the fundamental characteristics of a round cell, mesenchymal, epithelial neoplasm

D3. Making judgement
At the end of the training the student must be able to recognize the main dermatological conditions, formulate differential diagnoses for each of them and apply the most basic dermatological diagnostic techniques. In addition, the student must be able to study independently what he/she has learned, for continuous professional development.

D4. Communication skills
At the end of the training activity, the student will be able to convey the acquired knowledge to his interlocutors, in a clear and complete way, using an appropriate and correct language.

D5. Lifelong learning skills
At the end of the training the student will be able to:
- consult and critically examine the available bibliographic sources to deepen the topics and propose strategies for solving problems
Although there are no compulsory propedeuticities according to
regulation, it is strongly advised that the student attending the course
has already sat the examinations of veterinary pathology and special
pathology and veterinary medical pathology.
Teaching methods
The course is divided into 5 days. From day 1 to day 4 an introductory first hour will be provided on the criteria of cytological and histological interpretation of round-cell tumors, mesenchymal and epithelial tumors. Subsequently, the necropsy room of the Department of Veterinary Medicine and the Veterinary Pathology Service laboratories will be used, respectively for the collection and preparation of cytological smears by the students, the identification and study of the margins of tumor excision, the evaluation of the cytological and histological preparations under multi-tested microscope. On the fifth day the diagnostic algorithms of 6 oncological clinical cases will be studied in interactive mode.
Other information
The access and work at the Dissection room and histological labs are
defined by special procedures which are available at VMD
The activity schedule is available at VMD
Learning verification modality
The course does not provide a final exam, as the current Learning
Organization. Therefore, the student's learning is individually tested with the cytologic and histologyc reports of the cases provided and in the various steps of the cytological and histological diagnostic procedure of the oncological cases discussed.
Extended program
The course will be organized as follows:
- First day (5h). General criteria for the preparation and interpretation of cytological smears from neoplastic lesions (1 h); exercise on cadavers or organs of cytological sampling, coloring of the smears and microscopic evaluation of the quality of the smears (1h); exercise on skin samples to identify the margins of a neoplasm (0.5h); construction of a cytological and histological report (0.5h); interpretation of cytological characters of round cell tumors and of mesenchymal and epithelial tumors (2h).
- Second day (5h). Cytology and histopathology of round cell tumors; frontal lesson (1h); student evaluation of 4 examples of round cell tumors (2h); comparison under the microscope with the teacher (1h).
- Third day (5h). Cytology and histopathology of mesenchymal tumors; frontal lesson (1h); student evaluation of 4 examples of mesenchymal neoplasia (2h); comparison under the microscope with the teacher (1h).
- Fourth day (5h). Cytology and histopathology of epithelial tumors; frontal lesson (1h); student evaluation of 4 examples of epithelial neoplasia (2h); comparison under the microscope with the teacher (1h).
- Fifth day (5h). Presentation and interactive discussion of 6 complete oncological cases. Construction of the diagnostic procedure.
Condividi su