Industrial pharmacy
Study-unit Code
In all curricula
Giada Mondanelli
  • Giada Mondanelli
  • 69 ore - Giada Mondanelli
Course Regulation
Coorte 2023
Learning activities
Discipline biologiche e farmacologiche
Academic discipline
Type of study-unit
Obbligatorio (Required)
Type of learning activities
Attività formativa monodisciplinare
Language of instruction
Experimental pharmacological basis for the development of new drugs.
Principles of evaluation of drug efficacy and toxicity; preclinical and
clinical experimentation. Cloning and validation of a drug target.
Reference texts
Farmacologia generale e molecolare, Clementi e Fumagalli, Edra
Metodologie biochimiche e biomolecolari, Maccarone, Zanichelli.
Tecniche e metodi per la biologia molecolare, Plevani, Pesole, benedetti, Amaldi, Cea.
Metodologie di farmacologia sperimentale, Rosalinda Sorrentino, 2022.
Educational objectives
Knowledge of the experimental pharmacological methods.
In order to be able to understand and apply the experimental procedures
described within the Course, you must have successfully passed
'Farmacologia, Farmacognosia e Tossicologia Generale' exam. The same
examination is a prerequisite for attending the practical course.
Moreover, a good knowledge of molecular biology and a good training in math should be useful for following with profit this course.
Teaching methods
Theoretical lessons and practical training
Other information
Mandatory attendance
Learning verification modality
The exam consists of oral test, an interview of about 20 minutes for evaluating the knowledge level and the ability of the student to manage the acquired experimental knowledge in
a pharmacologic context.
Extended program
Theoretical lessons: Introduction to the research of innovative drug targets and molecules as lead compounds for the development of new
drug. ADMET studies.
IDO1 enzyme as an example of drug target in autoimmune and cancer diseases. End-point, real-time and digital PCR as tools for the evaluation of the drug effect on gene transcription. Microarray and gene
chips for the evaluation of the drug effect on the transcriptome. High
throughput screening (HTS): a method for selecting ‘lead’ compounds. In vitro and ex vivo preclinical methods of drug study: cell cultures and isolated organs. Methods of study of the signal transduction for the identification of potential drug targets. In vivo preclinical study: the 3R principle; alternative methods to the animal experimentation; animals
used in research and their maintenance in animal facility; the Irwin’s test;
experimental models of disease. Mice genetically modified: transgenic, knock-out, knoch-in and conditional transgenic/knock-out mice. Clinical
trial design: scientific and statistical hypothesis, principles of biostatistics;
endpoints; bias and variability; randomization. Phases of Clinical Trials.
Genetically modified organisms (OGM) for the production of oral vaccines.
MicroRNAs (miRNA) as new drug targets. Practical training: Cloning,
expression and validation of the enzyme IDO as a drug target. Purification
and activation of murine spleen cells; RNA extraction, RT-PCR for the
amplification of the drug target gene; cloning of the drug target gene in a
plasmid. Transfection and expression of the drug target gene in a cell line. Validation of the drug target by analysis of the protein expression
and the catalytic activity. Building of dose-response curves using the cloned drug target and evaluation of the IC50 of different molecules.
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