Unit PHYSICS
 Course
 Mechanical engineering
 Studyunit Code
 GP004941
 Curriculum
 In all curricula
 Teacher
 Renzo Campanella
 Teachers

 Renzo Campanella
 Hours
 108 ore  Renzo Campanella
 CFU
 12
 Course Regulation
 Coorte 2023
 Offered
 2023/24
 Learning activities
 Base
 Area
 Fisica e chimica
 Academic discipline
 FIS/01
 Type of studyunit
 Obbligatorio (Required)
 Type of learning activities
 Attività formativa monodisciplinare
 Language of instruction
 Italian
 Contents
 The course aims to help physics students learn the fundamental of classical physics and develop the calculation skills needed to apply these principles to real cases.
Topics include: linear and rotational motion, Newton’s laws, conservation of energy and momentum, gravitation, fluids, oscillations, and harmonic oscillator, both free, dumped and forced; basics of thermodynamics and the microscopic understanding of it based on elementary statistical mechanics; electrodynamics, the theory of electricity and magnetism. The course covers electrostatics (the electric field, electric potential, conductors), magnetostatics (electric currents vector potential), electromagnetic induction and an introduction to Maxwell’s equations (including wave solutions).  Reference texts
 1) "Fisica. Meccanica e Termodinamica"; U. Gasparini, M. Margoni, F. Simonetto; Piccin (2021); ISBN: 9788829929726; € 35,00
2) "Fisica. Elettromagnetismo e Onde"; U. Gasparini, M. Margoni, F. Simonetto; Piccin (2021); ISBN: 9788829931958; € 35,00  Educational objectives
 Knowledge of the physical laws of mechanics, thermodynamics and of electromagnetism in free space.
Capability of solving simple problems concerning mechanics, thermodynamics and of electromagnetism in free space.  Prerequisites
 Good skills in algebra, geometry, trigonometry are required, as well a basic knowledge of the differential calculus.
 Teaching methods
 The course consists of facetoface lectures on all subjects
 Other information
 The teacher can be reached at the university email address.
Students with disabilities are welcome to contact privately the teacher with regards to any specific aid during the course or for the examination.  Learning verification modality
 Two written test with exercises and one oral examination. The first test concerns mechanics; the second one thermodinamics and electromagnetism. Each test comprises three exercises, and a minimum score of 15/30 is required. The oral examination is based on 5/6 question; its lenghth is generally 40/60 min.
 Extended program
 Physical Quantities and Units  Vectors, Scalars, and Coordinate Systems  Vector Addition and Subtraction: Graphical Methods and Analytical Methods  Scalar product  Vector product
Kinematics: Displacement, Time, Speed and Velocity, Acceleration  OneDimensional Kinematics  Motion Equations for Constant Acceleration in One Dimension  Falling Objects TwoDimensional Kinematics  Uniform Circular Motion  Projectile Motion  Addition of Velocities
Dynamics: Force and Newton's Laws of Motion  Development of Force Concept  Newton’s First Law of Motion: Inertia Newton’s Second Law of Motion  Newton’s Third Law of Motion: Symmetry in Forces  Normal, Tension, and Other Examples of Forces  The Four Basic Forces  Friction, Drag, and Elasticity
Rotation Angle and Angular Velocity  Centripetal Acceleration  Centripetal Force  Fictitious Forces and Noninertial Frames: The Coriolis Force  Newton’s Universal Law of Gravitation  Satellites and Kepler’s Laws
Work, Energy, and Energy Resources  Work: The Scientific Definition  Kinetic Energy and the WorkEnergy Theorem  Conservative Forces and Potential Energy  Nonconservative Forces  Conservation of Energy  Power  Linear Momentum and Collisions  Impulse  Conservation of Momentum  Elastic and Inelastic Collisions in One Dimension
Conditions for Equilibrium  Stability and Statics  Angular Acceleration  Kinematics of Rotational Motion  Dynamics of Rotational Motion: Rotational Inertia  Rotational Kinetic Energy: Work and Energy Revisited
Angular Momentum and Its Conservation  Collisions of Extended Bodies in Two Dimensions
Fluid Statics and Dynamics
Definition of Fluid  Density  Pascal’s Principle  Pressure  Variation of Pressure with Depth in a Fluid  Archimedes’ Principle  Flow Rate and Its Relation to Velocity  Bernoulli’s Equation  Viscosity and Laminar Flow; Poiseuille’s Law
Temperature, Kinetic Theory, and the Gas Laws  Temperature  Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids  The Ideal Gas Law  Kinetic Theory: Atomic and Molecular Explanation of Pressure and Temperature  Phase Changes  Humidity, Evaporation, and Boiling  Heat  Temperature Change and Heat Capacity  Phase Change and Latent Heat  Heat Transfer Methods: Conduction, Convection, Radiation
The First Law of Thermodynamics  The Second Law of Thermodynamics: Heat Engines and Their Efficiency  Carnot’s Perfect Heat Engine  Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics: Disorder and the Unavailability of Energy  Statistical Interpretation of Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Oscillatory Motion and Waves  Hooke’s Law: Stress and Strain Revisited  Period and Frequency in Oscillations  Simple Harmonic Motion  The Simple Pendulum  Energy and the Simple Harmonic Oscillator
Uniform Circular Motion and Simple Harmonic Motion  Damped Harmonic Motion  Forced Oscillations and Resonance  Waves  Superposition and Interference  Energy in Waves: Intensity  Doppler Effect
Electric Charge and Electric Field  Static Electricity and Charge: Conservation of Charge  Conductors and Insulators  Coulomb’s Law  Electric Field  Electric Field Lines: Multiple Charges  Conductors and Electric Fields in Static Equilibrium  Electric Potential and Electric Field  Electric Potential Energy: Potential Difference  Electric Potential in a Uniform Electric Field  Electrical Potential Due to a Point Charge  Equipotential Lines  Capacitors and Dielectrics  Capacitors in Series and Parallel  Energy Stored in Capacitors  Electric Current, Resistance, and Ohm's Law  Current  Ohm’s Law: Resistance and Simple Circuits  Resistance and Resistivity  Electric Power and Energy  Resistors in Series and Parallel  Electromotive Force: Terminal Voltage  Kirchhoff’s Rules  Magnetism  Magnets  Ferromagnets and Electromagnets  Magnetic Fields and Magnetic Field Lines  Magnetic Field Strength: Force on a Moving Charge in a Magnetic Field  Force on a Moving Charge in a Magnetic Field  Magnetic Force on a CurrentCarrying Conductor  Torque on a Current Loop  Magnetic Fields Produced by Currents: Ampere’s Law  Magnetic Force between Two Parallel Conductors  Electromagnetic Induction  Induced e.m.f. and Magnetic Flux  Faraday’s Law of Induction; Lenz’s Law  Motional e.m.f.  Inductance  Maxwell’s Equations  Electromagnetic Waves