Biological sciences
Study-unit Code
Ambientale - naturalistico
Corrado Marceno'
  • Corrado Marceno'
  • 42 ore - Corrado Marceno'
Course Regulation
Coorte 2020
Learning activities
Attività formative affini o integrative
Academic discipline
Type of study-unit
Obbligatorio (Required)
Type of learning activities
Attività formativa monodisciplinare
Language of instruction
In the first part of the course, I will introduce the concept of environmental variables and, therefore, the biotic and abiotic factors that contribute to determining the different compositions of plant communities. I will introduce the concepts of life forms, traits, and chorotypes and how these can be used as indicators. Students will have the opportunity to carry out surveys in the field by recording the vegetation data and the environmental variables. In the second part of the course, I will introduce the concept of phytosociology with a brief excursus on the history of vegetation. Finally, the main classes of vegetation in Europe will be shown with a particular emphasis on the Umbrian territory. The course will be accompanied by vegetation cartography laboratories using the open-source QGIS and laboratories on data storage and processing.
Reference texts
- Lecture notes
- JUICE: https://www.sci.muni.cz/botany/juice/JUICEman_all.pdf
- QGIS: https://docs.qgis.org/3.10/it/docs/user_manual/index.html
- TURBOVEG: https://www.synbiosys.alterra.nl/turboveg/tvwin.pdf
Educational objectives
At the end of the course, students will acquire the keys for reading and interpreting the landscape. Students will be able to apply different methodologies to data vegetation sampling and environmental variables, directly in the field or to use national and international databases to recover them. Students will also be able to perform data storing, classification, and analysis of vegetation data. Particular attention will be given to the vegetation of the Umbria region.
Teaching methods
- Traditional lectures, supported by PPT images, accompanied by interactive teaching.
- Fieldwork
- Lab-based course on QGIS
- Lab-based course on data-storing usingTURBOVEG.
- Lab-based course on vegetation data analysis using JUICE
Learning verification modality
Final oral exam: Students will have to answer questions on the topics covered during the course and laboratory activities.
Extended program
- Le variabili ambientali. Fattori biotici e abiotici. Radiazione solare, temperatura, umidità dell’aria, precipitazioni, la pressione e i venti. Indici bioclimatici. Diagrammi climatici. Classificazioni del Clima. Bioclimi dell’Italia. Clima e vegetazione. Substrato e suolo. I processi elementari di pedogenesi. Profili e orizzonti. Distribuzione dei suoli secondo la latitudine.
- La Flora: concetti generali, diversità floristica. Forme biologiche (il sistema Raunkier). Corotipi. Specie esotiche. Traits
- Fitosociologia: l’approccio quali-quantitativo. Concetti generali, metodi, l’associazione vegetale. Competizione e disturbo.
- Storia della vegetazione.
- Articolazione del territorio. Concetti generali, zone di vegetazione, fasce altitudinali. Successioni.
- La vegetazione in Europa.
- La vegetazione dell’Umbria.
- Cartografia della vegetazione. Distribuzione della vegetazione sul territorio. Carta della vegetazione reale e potenziale. Costruzione della carta della vegetazione. Basi cartografiche.
- Data storing ed elaborazione dei dati.
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