International relations
Study-unit Code
Conflitti internazionali, studi strategici e analisi di politica estera
Massimo Bartoli
  • Massimo Bartoli
  • 42 ore - Massimo Bartoli
Course Regulation
Coorte 2023
Learning activities
Academic discipline
Type of study-unit
Obbligatorio (Required)
Type of learning activities
Attività formativa monodisciplinare
Language of instruction
The Collective Security and International Law of Armed Conflict Course presupposes knowledge of basic international law and, in particular, the structure and functioning of the United Nations. The course will be divided into two parts.
1. Part 1 - Ius ad bellum: evolution of the discipline of the use of force in international relations; main characteristics and functioning of the United Nations collective security system (also with references to the main regional sectoral organisations);
2. Part 2 – Ius in bello: the rules applicable to armed conflicts and disarmament
Reference texts
• Natalino Ronzitti, Diritto Internazionale dei conflitti armati, Seventh edition, Giappichelli, Turin, 2021 (the Sixth edition of 2017 is also admitted);
• supplementary handouts that will be distributed during the course;
• knowledge of the United Nations Charter is required, the text of which can be freely downloaded from the Web.
Educational objectives
Knowledge of the functioning of the collective security system headed by the United Nations and of the main rules of international law applicable to armed conflicts
Knowledge of basic international law and the main bodies of the United Nations
Teaching methods
The course will consist of lectures, thematic insights and a series of reports organized by the students (according to a timetable agreed during the lessons). On specific topical topics, seminar lessons may be organized with the intervention of external experts.
Student reports may concern both course topics and personal insights (if approved by the teacher, due to their congruity with the program), and constitute an integral part of the exam.
Learning verification modality
Classroom reports, optional and not obligatory, are possible for both attending and non-attending students, giving the right to a possible increase in the mark obtained in the oral test.
A) Attending students
The exam is oral, and the candidate carries out an interview with the Commission on the topics of the program, with the exception of those already addressed in the classroom reports, obtaining a mark which will possibly be increased (maximum of 3 points) on the basis of the reports. carried out in compliance with the parameters indicated below: 40% quantity and quality of relationships, 40% personal ideas, 20% active participation in discussions;
B) Non-attending students
The exam is oral. Upon request (via email only) to the teacher, you can choose to delve deeper into specific topics of the course through written reports (maximum length of 10 pages), to be returned to the teacher at least 10 days before the exam date for evaluation. These reports may lead to an increase in the grade of up to a maximum of 2 points, calculated on the basis of only two parameters: quantity and quality of the papers (50%); personal ideas and insights (50%).
Extended program
Basic topics of the Course
1. International organizations and the United Nations in collective security - 2. The evolution of the notion of "force" in international relations. 3. The notion of self-defense - 4. Chapters VI and VII of the UN Charter. Actions that can be taken for collective security - 5. State participation in collective security - 6. The "law of war" (sources, scope of application, respect for human rights) - 7. International and non-international armed conflicts - 8 Neutrality and system of guarantees – 9. War on land, sea and air: fundamental notions – 10. The cessation of armed conflict – 11. “Frontier” topics of humanitarian law – 11. Disarmament in international law.
Obiettivi Agenda 2030 per lo sviluppo sostenibile
"Peace, justice and strong institutions" (code 16); "Climate action" (code 13)
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