Animal science
Study-unit Code
In all curricula
Francesca Mercati
  • Francesca Mercati
  • 72 ore - Francesca Mercati
Course Regulation
Coorte 2023
Learning activities
Discipline biologiche
Academic discipline
Type of study-unit
Obbligatorio (Required)
Type of learning activities
Attività formativa monodisciplinare
Language of instruction
The course will provide expertise on the anatomy of the livestock and birds. The aims of the anatomy, the anatomical terminology and criteria for the topographic orientation of organs and systems will be treated in the first part of the course; these topics are necessary to acquire communication skills and to use a correct scientific language. General information on the tissues will also be provided as a preliminary element for learning anatomy. Following the systematic description of the apparatuses will be detailed: locomotor apparatus, cardiovascular and lymphatic system, digestive system, respiratory system, urinary system, male and female reproductive system, endocrine system, integumentary system. Bird anatomy will be described.
Reference texts
R. BORTOLAMI - E. CALLEGARI - P. CLAVENZANI - V. BEGHELLI - "Anatomia e fisiologia degli animali domestici", Edagricole, Bologna.
K.M. Dyce, W.O. Sack, C.J.G. Wensing - Testo di Anatomia veterinaria - Antonio Delfino Editore
Educational objectives
The course is devoted to the anatomy of farm animals. The main objective is to provide, through theoretical and practical lessons, the knowledge to recognize and describe the macroscopic appearance and the topography of the organs and systems of the species concerned (horses, ruminants, pigs, birds).
Through the knowledge gained the student will develop the following skills:
- the ability to recognize the organs of all systems and apparatuses through direct observation.
- the ability to describe the topography and the macroscopic appearance of all the organs.
-The ability to use a correct scientific language to describe anatomical structures.
The knowledge gained will provide:
- The basis for understanding the subsequent courses such as physiology and pathology;
- The essential elements for the understanding of the principles of morpho-functional evaluation, reproduction and nutrition of livestock.
In order to understand the contents of the course, the student must have the knowledge on structure and cellular organization; therefore, he must have successfully passed the exam of Biology. Furthermore, the student must have a basic knowledge of the histology. Histology, which is essential for the understanding of the anatomy but is not included in the curriculum, will be quickly treated in the first part of the course.
Teaching methods
The course is organized as follows:
- Lectures on all subjects of the course. Lectures will be carried out through Power Point slides that will be made available to the students through Unistudium platform.
- Exercises at didactic room of Veterinary Anatomy to observe skeletons and bones.
- Exercises at the teaching center (polo didattico) – Room IX - to observe anatomical models and viscera.
- Exercises in the dissecting room to observe organs of livestock and birds.
- Exercises at the light microscope room (room VIII) of the teaching center (polo didattico) to observe histological preparations.
Before practical activities, the students will have to read the access procedures present both in Unistudium and in the Department website (See: Teaching procedures)
Students will be divided in groups if necessary.
Learning verification modality
The exam consists of a written test and an oral test.
The purpose of the written exam is to carry out an extensive assessment of the candidate's knowledge of all the topics covered during the course. This test consists of 30 multiple choice and short answer questions.
Assigned score to multiple choice questions: correct answer = 1 point; wrong answer or no date = 0 point. The written test lasts 3o minutes and is preparatory to the oral exam; the score of 18/30 represents the threshold for access to the oral exam.
The written exam can be carried out in "remote" or in presence mode using the LibreEol software.
At the end of the written test, the result is communicated and the oral test immediately began according to a calendar communicated at the time.
The oral exam consists of an in-depth description of the topics covered during the course and lasts about 30 minutes. Two questions are proposed relating to two different apparatuses and organs. Moreover, during the interview schematic drawings and photographs of different anatomical structures that the student will have to recognize and describe can be shown. The purpose of the oral test is to assess the knowledge of the topic related above all to the macroscopic and topographic aspect; the ability to reason and link different topics; the appropriateness and effectiveness of the oral communication of the skills acquired through the use of a correct scientific language and an adequate anatomical terminology.
The written and oral exam must be taken during the same exam session. In the event of failure to pass a test, the student will have to take the entire exam again.
The final grade will summarize the result of both tests.
Extended program
The course aims to provide students with the theoretical and practical tools for learning macroscopic and topographic anatomy of farm animals and birds.
In the first part of the course the aims of the anatomy and the adequate anatomical terminology will be described (2 hours). Following, the description of all apparatuses and organs of farm animals and birds will be detailed, enriched with the necessary propaedeutic elements of histology. Locomotor apparatus: osteology, arthrology and miology, with particular interest in the skeletal muscles of commercial interest (8 hours). Digestive system: mouth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, peritoneum, forestomach and abomasum of the ruminants, stomach of the monogastrich, small and large intestine, liver and pancreas (10 hours). Respiratory system: nasal cavity, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, pleura and mediastinum (2 hours). Cardiovascular system: heart and pericardium; arteries and veins of blood circulation (6 hours). Lymphatic system: spleen, thymus, lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels (2 hours). Urinary system: kidney, renal pelvis, ureter, bladder, urethra (3 hours). Male reproductive system: testis and adnexa, epididymis, deferent duct, spermatic cord, urethra and accessory reproductive glands, penis and prepuce (3 hours). Female reproductive system: ovary, oviduct, uterus, vagina and vulva (3 hours). Endocrine system: hypophysis, epiphisys, thyroid and parathyroid glands, adrenal gland (1 hours). Integumentary system: skin and skin appendages; mammary gland (2hours).
Bird anatomy: digestive system and its glands, urinary tract, respiratory system, cardiovascular system, male and female genital system, integumentary system, skeletal systems (6 hours).
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