Animal science
Study-unit Code
In all curricula
Emiliano Lasagna
Course Regulation
Coorte 2023
Type of study-unit
Obbligatorio (Required)
Type of learning activities
Attività formativa integrata


Code A001595
Teacher Lara Reale
  • Domizia Donnini (Codocenza)
  • Lara Reale
  • 27 ore (Codocenza) - Domizia Donnini
  • 27 ore - Lara Reale
Learning activities Base
Area Discipline biologiche
Academic discipline BIO/03
Type of study-unit Obbligatorio (Required)
Language of instruction ITALIAN
Contents Fundamental aspects of organization and development of the various forms of life. The cell and the flow of energy. Evolution, division, cell metabolism in animals and plants. Protists, Animal and Plant. The main families of plants for feeding livestock.
Reference texts Fondamenti di Biologia (Solomon Martin) EDISES VIII edition

Biologia (E. P. Solomon, C. E. Martin, D. W. Martin, L. R. Berg) EDISES VIII edition

Lecture notes of the Professor.
Educational objectives The aim of the course is to give the student adequate knowledge of general biology (animal and plant) growth and evolution of organisms.
The main knowledge gained will be on:
-origin and evolution of life;-the organization of animal cell and plant, similarities and differences;
-the various forms of life;
-main cellular metabolic processes (plant and animal) (cell respiration, protein synthesis and photosynthesis);
- Systematic Zoology: the evolution of the structures aimed at nutrition, locomotion and reproduction;
- Systematic Botany: 6 botanical families interesting for livestock production.
The student will acquire the following skills of knowing how to do, for the continuation of the study program and professional work:-the student will learn a method of study reasoned, critical and constructive indispensable. This ability is essential for the continuation of the educational and professional career.
-the student can apply the basic knowledge acquired to interpret the relationships between animals, plants and environment in order to steer companies towards choices of quality and sustainability, within the animal and crop.
-the student will have the ability to use all the tools to upgrade and broaden their knowledge.
Prerequisites It may be helpful that the students follow the anticipated Biology course. If the student does not have any knowledge of these subjects is asked to notify the teacher.
Teaching methods The course is organized in 54 hours of lectures including 6 hours of deepening of essential parts of the program (difference between animal and plant cell, cell division, photosynthesis etc).
The acquired knowledge will provide the essential bases for the study of animal and plant anatomy, genetics, microbiology and agronomy.
Other information Attendance at lessons: optional but strongly advised.
Learning verification modality The exam consists of a mid-course written test then an oral test, as explained in the general form of the integrated course. For information on support services for students with disabilities and / or DSA visit the page http://www.unipg.it/disabilita-e-dsa
Extended program A) Organization of life - Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic. Biological membranes, the cytoskeleton, the cell organelles and their functions. The cell cycle.
B) The flow of energy in living organisms - Energy and metabolism. The metabolic pathways that release energy. Photosynthesis: energy capture.
C) Regnus of Plants - Structure growth and differentiation of plants. Meristems and tissues. Morphology and anatomy of the root system, and cauline leaf.
D) Principles of reproduction of the plant - the flower, the fruit and the seed.
E) The evolution and diversity of life - Microevolution and macroevolution. Domains and Kingdoms of the living, phylogenetic classification. Viruses and prokaryotes. Protista. Kingdoms of Animal: general characteristic and evolution (Protostomia Deuterostomia: Platyhelminthes, nematodes, molluscs, arthropods, chordates, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals).
F) Kingdom Plantae: Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms, Angiosperms. Main families of agricultural interest to animal production - Basic knowledge of the apparatus vegetative and reproductive species grown more important: Chenopodiaceae, Brassicaceae, Fabaceae, Solanaceae, Asteraceae, Poaceae.
Obiettivi Agenda 2030 per lo sviluppo sostenibile Quality education; life on land, life under water.


Code A001596
Teacher Emiliano Lasagna
  • Emiliano Lasagna
  • 27 ore - Emiliano Lasagna
Learning activities Affine/integrativa
Area Attività formative affini o integrative
Academic discipline AGR/17
Type of study-unit Obbligatorio (Required)
Language of instruction ITALIAN
Contents Nucleic acids and the animal genome; Mendel's laws and their exceptions; qualitative and quantitative traits in livestock.
Reference texts Russel Peter J., Genetica - Un approccio molecolare, III o IV edizione, Pearson
Russel, Hertz & McMillan, Elementi di Genetica, EDISES
Consultation books:
Lorenzetti, Ceccarelli, Rosellini, Veronesi, Genetica Agraria, Patron Editore
Griffiths, GENETICA, Zanichelli Editore
Barcaccia, Falcinelli, Genetica e genomica, volume I, Liguori editore
Educational objectives The course aims to provide students with adequate knowledge of basic genetic and animal, with particular attention to the structure and function of the hereditary material. Main knowledge acquired will be:-structure of the hereditary material in animals;-transmission of inheritable traits;-main possible alterations of the genetic material. The student should know and be able to use the laws for the transmission of hereditary traits in animal science. Additional skills will be represented by the ability to manage genetic selection strategies in the farm with particular attention on useful or deleterious traits.
Prerequisites No prerequisite
Teaching methods The course is organized as follows:-lectures on all subjects of the course;- practical exercises in the classroom about the application of Mendel's laws and to the inheritance some traits in animals.- lab practicals. Students will be divided into groups of 4 people. It will address the following topics:- DNA extraction from bovine blood-main equipments required to molecular biology lab.
Other information Attendance at lessons: optional but strongly advised.
Learning verification modality
Extended program The most important experiments that led to the discovery of the hereditary material, terminology and basic concepts in genetics, notes on the organization of hereditary material, DNA replication and transcription of RNA; types of RNA, RNA maturation, hints on the protein synthesis; notes on the regulation of gene expression, chromatin, number and morphological structure of eukaryotic chromosomes, the nuclear and mitochondrial genome and the C value , the biological basis of hereditary transmission of traits, gene structure, structure of the genetic code and the cycle cellular and cell division (mitosis and meiosis) and its stages, gametogenesis. Mendelism and its chromosomal basis, interaction between genes at different loci, modifier genes, codominance, incomplete dominance, epistasis dominant, recessive and double; penetrance and expressivity, pleiotropy, segregation and recombination of independent and associated genes (linkage), lethal genes ; the "freemartinismo"; examples of transmission of some traits in animal science (pigmentation of the coat, plumage of chickens, muscle hypertrophy, genetic variants of milk proteins, etc.).Maps and genetic distances, multiple alleles; inheritance and sex; determination of the sex (XY and ZW type); related, limited and influenced by gender traits; compensation dosage for supernumerary X chromosomes, genomic , chromosome and gene mutations; the animal cytogenetics and its applications; differences between qualitative and quantitative traits. Hints on the applications of molecular genetics and genetic engineering in animal husbandry.
Obiettivi Agenda 2030 per lo sviluppo sostenibile
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