Electronic engineering for the internet-of-things
Study-unit Code
Consumer and aerospace iot
Stefania Bonafoni
  • Stefania Bonafoni
  • 72 ore - Stefania Bonafoni
Course Regulation
Coorte 2022
Learning activities
Ingegneria elettronica
Academic discipline
Type of study-unit
Obbligatorio (Required)
Type of learning activities
Attività formativa monodisciplinare
Language of instruction
Remote sensing systems: sensors and fundamentals (interaction mechanisms between electromagnetic waves and media). Applications (monitoring of atmosphere and of Earth surface in the visible, infrared and microwave spectrum).
Basics of machine learning for the remote sensing data processing.
Reference texts
Slides of the teacher in English.
Supplementary books:
Tecniche e Strumenti per il Telerilevamento Ambientale, voll. I e II, Monografie Scientifiche del C.N.R., Roma, 2000-2001.
F. Ulaby, R. Moore, A. Fung, Microwave Remote Sensing, voll. 1-3, Artech House, 1981-1986.
Educational objectives
This course represents an applicative teaching of Electromagnetics (em) and examines the study of the environmental remote sensing with em sensors.
The main purpose of the course is to provide an understanding of the interaction mechanisms between electromagnetic waves and environment, for the monitoring of the Earth environment. The main knowledge acquired will be:
• Basics elements of the em remote sensing
• Knowledge of the sensors, active and passive, for the remote sensing in the visible, infrared and microwave spectrum.
• Basics elements for the processing of remotely sensed data and images
The main competence will be:
• ability to choose the best sensors for each specific application
• ability to use the basic software/programs to process remotely sensed data and images
Basics of Electromagnetics are necessary for the understanding of the Course. The knowledge of the basic phenomena of the interaction between em waves-media (reflection, refraction, transmission, absorption) represents a fundamental requirement to follow this course with profit. A basic knowledge of Matlab is useful.
Teaching methods
Course Organization:
-Lectures (lecture hall) on all subjects of the course; lectures also comprise application exercises for the computation of parameters in remote sensing applications.
Other information
Attendance: strongly recommended
Learning verification modality
The exam consists of an oral test of about 45 minutes long aiming to ascertain the knowledge level and the understanding capability of theoretical/methodological contents and the capability to solve practical and applicative problems analyzed within the Course. The oral exam will also assess the student communication, exposure and language skills.
Extended program
Remote sensing and Remote Sensing systems: description and applications. Spectral, radiometric, spatial and temporal requirements.
Sensors: active (radar) and passive (radiometers). Image formation with ground-based, aerial and satellite-based sensors.
The electromagnetic (em) spectrum. Em radiation and interaction with natural media: absorption and emission.
Planck law: black-body radiation, real body, emissivity.
Em radiation and interaction with media: reflection, refraction, scattering. Applications (sky and sea color).
Solar radiation and applications. Emissive and reflective spectrum.
Sensors in the visible and reflective infrared: theory and applications.
Sensors in the thermal infrared: theory and applications.
Sensors in the microwaves: theory and applications.
Microwave radiometry for the remote sensing of the atmosphere and Earth surface.
Remote sensing and em diagnostic applications:
-smart cities: urban heat island and albedo.
-Global Positioning System (GPS) and atmospheric applications.
-microwave radiometers for medical and safety/surveillance applications.
-monitoring of fires
-monitoring of volcanic ash
-Remote sensing data processing-machine learning:
-neural networks
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