European legal integration and human rights
Study-unit Code
In all curricula
Alessandra Lanciotti
  • Alessandra Lanciotti
  • 36 ore - Alessandra Lanciotti
Course Regulation
Coorte 2023
Learning activities
Academic discipline
Type of study-unit
Opzionale (Optional)
Type of learning activities
Attività formativa monodisciplinare
Language of instruction
The course of Advanced International Law is designed to assist students to develop a critical understanding of International law and current practice of Inter-State relations, with particular regard to the protection of fundamental human rights, both in peacetime and in situations of conflict or humanitarian crisis.
The course is divided into two sections. The first section offers an introduction into the fundamental rules of International law. First, it focusses on the structure of the International Community, the law-making process of creation and transformation of international rules. Then, on a critical analysis of selected topics of substantive International law.
The second section of the course deals with International Humanitarian Law and International Criminal Law, focussing on the role played by International criminal courts and tribunals. It aims to introduce the student to a range of different legal theoretical issues and judicial cases, providing ample room for discussion, practical exercises and interaction with guest lecturers.
Reference texts
Tanzi A., A Concise Introduction to International Law, second edition, G. Giappichelli Torino and Eleven International Publishing, Turin, 2022

Plus the readings on Unistudium platform, namely:
1. International Human Rights Law and its Normative Framework within the UN System
2. International Criminal Court (encyclopedia entry by HP. Kaul)
3. The International Criminal Court (exerpt from from An Introduction to International Criminal Law by Cryer et al.)
4. Crimes against Humanity (by M. deGuzman)
5. Genocide
Further materials are being progressively updated and tailored for class sessions, based on contemporary treaty-law and International practice.
Educational objectives
The course is designed to give students the ability to find and interpret the rules of International law applicable in situations of serious violations of International humanitarian law, so to give them a critical understanding of such rules. It also aims to provide students with specific knowledge of issues concerning the respect of International Humanitarian Law, as well as specific knowledge of the main International Criminal Law rules and of those governing the prosecutorial activities of the International Criminal Court. The course also intends to improve the students’ communication skills and their ability to present the topics covered in the course with appropriate English terminology.
A good knowledge of the English language. A basic knowledge of International law is useful but not essential, it can be supplemented by explanations and readings suggested by the professor.
Teaching methods
The course consists of a series of face to face lectures and seminars in English with the use of presentations in PowerPoint; reading materials related to the topics discussed in class, such as case-law and judicial decisions, UN Resolutions and the text of the main relevant treaties (i.e. “materiale didattico”) are also published on the UNIPG-UNISTUDIUM web page. Seminars on specific topics, discussion in class and exercises are organized, therefore attendance is recommended. Particular attention will be given to the jurisprudence of the International Criminal Court.
Other information
Students attending classes may also give an oral presentation on a specific topic (previously agreed with the professor); it will be taken into account for the purpose of the final evaluation
Learning verification modality
The final exam consists of an oral test, i.e. an interview (lasting approximately 15-20 minutes) during which the professor poses questions to the student in English about the topics included in the programme; for those students who have attended classes, questions are about issues covered in classes.
The oral exam aims to ascertain the knowledge level and the understanding capability acquired by the student. The student has to answer the questions in such a way as to demonstrate sufficient knowledge of the subject-matters included in the course program. The duration of the examination and the number of questions may vary depending on the answers given by each candidate.
Extended program
Sources of international law; subjects and actors of the international community; the making of international law rules; violation of international law and its consequences; State responsibility; dispute settlement mechanisms. The United Nations system and the prohibition of the use of force in international relations. The role of the Security Council. Jus ad bellum and jus in bello rules.

- The normative framework of International human rights law in the UN System
- The European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (in brief)
- The right of access to water, the non-discrimination principle
- Relationship between human rights law, International humanitarian law and International criminal law.
- Individual and State criminal responsibility under International law for international crimes
- The history of International criminal prosecution: from the Nuremberg Trial to the establishment of the International Criminal Court.
- Crimes within the jurisdiction of International Criminal Court: genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the (new) crime of aggression.
- The prosecution of International crimes by the International Criminal Court and its case-law.
- The place of jurisdictional immunites in International criminal justice.
- Other topics that are discussed during the course, considering current practice and the specific interests of attending students.
(All readings and materials related to the programme can be downloaded from the Unistudium platform).
Obiettivi Agenda 2030 per lo sviluppo sostenibile
16, 10, 6
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