Geosciences for risk and environment management
Study-unit Code
Geosciences for environmental sustainability
Carlo Cardellini
  • Carlo Cardellini
  • 57 ore - Carlo Cardellini
Course Regulation
Coorte 2022
Learning activities
Attività formative affini o integrative
Academic discipline
Type of study-unit
Obbligatorio (Required)
Type of learning activities
Attività formativa monodisciplinare
Language of instruction
Distribution of volcanoes, chemical-physical characteristics of magma, volcanic activity (effusive and explosive). Volcano monitoring: ground deformation, seismicity and fluid geochemistry. Methodologies for the elaboration of physical-numerical models related to volcanic eruptive dynamics and dispersion processes and transport in the atmosphere. Development of risk scenarios, contingency plans and emergency management. The Italian active volcanoes and volcanic activity surveillance.
Reference texts
The course material consists will be provided by the teacher; the preparation can be integrated by scientific papers provided.
Educational objectives
Knowledge: basic concepts of risk-hazard; the behavior of the different types of volcanoes and the risk associated with different types of "eruption" and models and methods for the definition of danger, risk and the development of hazard scenario. Methodologies for the monitoring.
1. Knowledge of English: helpful.
2. Basic volcanology: important
3. Physics, Geochemistry and Statistics basis: helpful
Teaching methods
The lectures will take place as face-to-face lecture for many of the arguments with exception of eventual field excursion. Topical seminars of experts.
Other information
Lectures time:
Learning verification modality
1. number of tests that are taken into account: 1
2. objective test: Assessment of the main concepts and their applications
3. mode of administration: oral exam
4. timing of development: final assessment (1 hour)
5. measurement of the final exam: vote of thirty
For information about services and support to student with disabilities or DSA please visit: http://www.unipg.it/disabilita-e-dsa
Extended program
The course consists of different parts theoretical and practical, including possibly field excursion/s and seminars by experts in various fields of volcanic monitoring.
The lectures and lab activities and field excursion will cover the topics:
1) The distribution of volcanoes on Earth's surface in relation to different geodynamic environments.
2) Physical properties of magmas. Liquidus and Solidus temperature. Viscosity, density, thermal conductivity, yield-strength, glass transition. Newtonian and non-Newtonian liquids.
3) The eruptive activity:
- The effusive eruptions: Main characteristics and hazards associated with effusive eruptions.
- The explosive eruptions: Main characteristics and hazards associated with explosive eruptions
4) The monitoring of volcanoes:
- Deformation of the soil: generality and monitoring techniques.
- Seismicity: generality and monitoring techniques.
- Fluid geochemistry: generalities, monitoring method of volcanic and volcanic-hydrothermal systems, sampling/measuring on field and laboratory analytical methods.
- Mathematical and Statistical Methods for processing data and producing models.
- Methodologies for the construction of numerical models of physical phenomena related to volcanic activity (migration of fluids, eruptive dynamics, processes of dispersion and transport in the atmosphere). Physical principles and application to the main type of “eruptions”
5) Elaboration of risk scenarios, probabilistic assessment of the risk, contingency plans and emergency management
6) the monitoring of Italian volcanoes activity:
-Case-history: Etna, Stromboli, Vulcano, includine spefic seminars of experts.
- the campanian volcanoes: excusion and visit of the monitoring network (if possible)
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